Ventolin: Overview and Instructions on How to Use
Important Information on Ventolin
Ventolin (also marketed under the generic name albuterol)is classified as a bronchodilator. Salbutamol allows both management and prevention of bronchospasm,the mechanism of which lies inreducing the tenseness of the respiratory tract muscles. This proves to be effective for making the air flow to the airways more abundantly, thus relieving coughing, wheezing, and chest tightness. The drug provides a beneficial effect on obstructed breathing. Ventolin is administered for alleviation of asthmatic respiratory issues and improvement of the treatable clinical conditions of the airways.
Bronchodilators normally are not suggested as the exclusive or mainly functioning component in the therapy of ordinary asthma or the one with severe manifestations. The alleviating effect of the aerosol should be expected to last not less than 3 hours (estimated medicine effect duration: 4 to 5 hours).
Salbutamol in the form of salbutamol sulfate is the active drug substance. The other constituents are 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFA 134a). The vast popularity of Ventolin online is caused by its availability in various pharmaceutical forms: inhalers, nebulizers, tablets and, sometimes, intravenous salbutamol. A Ventolin inhaler provides 100 μg of salbutamol sulfate perunitary dose (minimum 200 doses a canister).
Use of the Medication
People searching for Ventolin online are predominantly offered the product under the commercial names Ventolin HFA, Proventil, Proventil HFA, ProAir HFA and Accuneb.
The drug is preferably prescribed in adults and paediatric population starting from 4 years old with chronic and episodic bronchospasms. This medical condition manifests in obstructed breathand panting, and an abrupt worsening of both. Furthermore, the product is aimed at prevention of exercise-initiated bronchospasms and improvement of the circulation of oxygen. Ventolin is characteristic in its well-defined broncholytic activity and anti-inflammatory action, ability to lower the concentration of prostaglandin, as well as some other biologically active components taking part in the physiological response of bronchi to the physical exertions or allergic agents.
Person streated with Ventolin are able to breathe more freely as the drug positively affects the vital capacity of the lungs and clears the factors of resistance functioning in the respiratory tracts. The generation of mucus is increased, thus providing the expectorant action and helping the patient to excrete sputum with less effort.
Before You Start Using the Medication
Administration of Ventolin is strictly contraindicated in persons hypersensitive to drug components and their chemical analogues. Avoid concomitant administration of Ventolin with non-selective beta-blockers (medicines that slow downheart rate, such as propranolol). You should provide your physician with information on all your ongoing medicines, including those that you have purchased with no prescription.
It is highly recommended that you receive a consultation from your physician if you have ever been found allergic to salbutamol or any of the other ingredients of this medicine.
The physician should know if you are undertaking treatment for abnormal blood pressure or heart issues. Ongoing or planned pregnancy, as well as breastfeeding, too are reasons for asking your physician's advice before considering the therapy. People the therapy with Ventolin in which can be related to risks are the following: persons treating a thyroid gland disease, people who have heart disease, irregular heartbeat or chest pain(angina), people with diabetes.
There exist not enough substantial studies on the possible risks and disadvantages of Ventolin in childrenunder the age of 4.
Only in the case when the dosage regimen and basic precautions are observed you can expect the total absence of complicated adverse effects and the outcome that is beneficial.
How to Use Ventolin
The dosing regimen should be individualised, and the patient's physiological reaction should be closely monitored by the appointed physician at regular intervals.In persons with asthmatic-type conditions, if the drug is required more than three times per week(not taking into account cases of exercise-initiated bronchospasm), anti-inflammatory treatment (such as corticosteroids) is normally included. Growing demand for the inhalation aerosol incases of bronchial asthma generally indicates the aggravation of the conditionand, consequently, is a basis for a review of the therapy schedule.
The aerosol should be continually carried by persons undergoing treatment, especially those who tend to suffer from episodic asthma issues. Assistance of a healthcare professional must be sought immediately if no substantial improvement of the patient's condition is observed in the treatment course.
The Ventolin inhaler produces a sprayed drug dose that should be accurately inhaled into the lungs. The application of the inhaler should be instructionally guided to be correct. If the supplied directions or prescription label seem unclear, ask your tending physician or current pharmacist for advice.
Ventolin aerosol is sprayed into the mouth cavity. The accepted dose for severe asthma attacks is a unitary dose of 100 μg or a double one (2x100 μg) for adults and 100 μg for children. Depending on evaluation data on a child's state of health, the healthcare specialist may find a dosage escalation reasonable.
If the patient's case has been evaluated as requiring a prolonged management, the needed quantity of the drug ordinarily remains the same, with a maximum possible daily intake reaching up to 8 x 100μg. The above values will possibly be altered if a preventative drug treatment is used concurrently.
Any larger quantities of drug substance or a more frequent application of the inhaler is undesirable and can lead to adverse events of various seriousness.For acute forms of the disease, your tending physician may have instructed you to administer Ventolin as a fast remedy. Any such instructions on a specific administration should be followed with utmost precision to not endanger your health or worsen the condition.
Dosed Ventolin aerosolis an inhalation-only drug. Refrain from any not explicitly recommended method of administration and be especially accurate with the established dosage regimen. The moment your maximum Ventolin dose stops bringing you alleviation is a vivid indication of the changing clinical condition that may be an issue for expert medical concern.
If you by mistake exceed your prescribed intake, the chances are that your body will respond with sudden dizziness, heartburn, mild to severe headache, tremor, convulsions, slight to moderate nausea and/or sweating. Let your physician know at the earliest possible time if you exceeded the clinically recommended dose.
What to Do if You Miss Your Regular Dose
If you fail to follow the established regimen, do not try to compensate the missed dose with another one. Simply continue your regimen as there is no cause for alarm. Your physician may recommend that you use an inhaler regularlyor limited to episodes when you suffer from wheezing with accompanying respiratory difficulties. Do not take a double dose unless your physician has told you to do this.
It may be important for your health to keep the Ventolin inhaler within reach at all times. Be careful to not run out of your medicine and refill your prescription accordingly. All the other prescribed medications should also be used according to the established course of treatment.
After Taking Ventolin
You should pay close attention to how your body responds to the medication immediately after it has been inhaled. If you experience bouts of wheezing or your breathing becomes more difficult, refrain from the medicine temporarily and inform your physician as soon as possible. Depending on their seriousness, the Ventolin side effects may take different periods of time to disappear, with some of them being more uncomfortable than harmful.
The administration of Ventolin may be followed by mostly insignificantly expressed side effects, such as slight dizziness or mild nausea. The uncomfortable feelings which fall within the normal range of reaction and do not normally require medical attention include: feeling of dryness in the mouth or throat, feeling of warmth, stuffy or runny nose, cough, vomiting, irritability, problems with sleep or drowsiness.
Some of the most pronounced side effects should be reported to your physician with no delay, such as trembling, shakiness in the hands or legs (most common). The serious adverse events include redness of the skin, welts or hives, difficulty with swallowing and breathing (rare or very rare).
If bronchospasms or respiratory depression are not as well-relieved as usual or last longer than usual, let your physician know at the earliest convenience. Your lung condition may be gettingmore complicated and you may require additional medications.
Possible Side Effects
In most people, the administration of Ventolin does not cause any problems. However, like with other medicines, some people may suffer from common side effects, such as an allergic reaction to Ventolin.
If you feel that your heart rate has become irregular, tell your physicianat the earliest possible time. Some persons may complain of feeling unwell, having a headache, or feeling that their heart rate increases and/or becomes different from the usual. Normally, these undesirable events will disappear in your further progress in the therapy. It is not recommended to stop taking the medicine unless your physician has instructed you to do so.
Although there have not been enough studies on the frequency of heart-related disorders, chest pains (heart failure, angina pectoris)or palpitations may occasionally occur in some people. In rare incidences, muscle cramps are observed. Anxiety and restlessness, as well as oral cavity or throat irritation, are extremely rate. You should tell your physician, nurse or pharmacist about these or any other discomforting symptoms immediately upon their appearance.
As the main substance of Ventolin can influence the potassium level, possible adverse reactions also include thirst, increased urination, confusion, muscle weakness or leg discomfort. Seek emergency medical help if the signs of high blood pressure appear, such as uneven heartbeats, severe headache, buzzing in the ears or distorted vision.
There exists a risk of salbutamol to pass through into breast milk, and thus it is not normally prescribed to nursing women, except when the expected benefit for the mother prevail over the potential hazard to the child. There is no evidence of whether salbutamol present in breast milk has a deleterious effect on a new-born child.
No clinical data have been submitted regarding the effect of Ventolin on the ability to drive and/or operate other mechanisms.
effect of Ventolin has not been fully studied in under-four-year-old populations.
The complete list of side effects can be reviewed in the manufacturer's instructions provided with Ventolin online.
Interaction of the Drug With Other Medicines
A special caution is required when administering the medicine inpersons undergoing the therapy with tricyclic antidepressants or MOI. The drugs like these are capable of potentiating the action of salbutamolon the circulatory system. The said effect of Ventolin is the reason why the simultaneous use of adrenergic drugs too must be avoided.
Beta-adrenergic blockers are usually not given on a routine basis to persons treated with a bronchodilator, especially the non-cardioselectiveones, such as propranolol. Careful use of thiazide or loop diuretics should be observed.
The more comprehensive list of drug interactions can be reviewed in the manufacturer's instructions provided with Ventolin online.
How to Use the Aerosol Inhaler
The application technique for Ventolin inhalers depends completely on the type of asthma attacks, the clinically evaluated severity of the condition and what kind of the inhaler is chosen for the therapy. On the first time, the removable cap should be lifted and put aside. Agitate the inhaler thoroughly and make two test sprays to check if the cistern is in working state. Ventolin inhalers require regular priming after 5 days of standstill. Double pressing on the inhaler achieves sufficient priming.
Inhaler regular use:
- Carefully squeeze the covering cap from the sides with your fingers, remove the covering cap.
- Inspect visually both the inhaler and mouthpiece for the presence of internal and/or external loose parts.
- Agitatethe inspected inhaler energetically to make certain that all loose parts are detached and the substance within the inhaler is homogeneous.
- Hold the cylinder vertically and well-grasped in your hand, with its mouthpiece remaining below. Place your thumb on the mouthpiece.
- Exhale as far as is comfortable for you, then put the mouthpiece between your teeth and close your lips around it. Please, do not try to talk or clench your teeth during the process.
- On the moment you begin inhaling through the mouth, squeeze the top of the inhaler to spray Ventolin while continuing to breathe deeply and steadily.
- Hold your breath and take the inhaler from your mouth. Remove your finger from the top of the inhaler. Continue to hold your breath as long as it does not become uncomfortable for you.
- If you require another inhalation, let the inhaler remain vertical and wait about half a minute, then repeat steps 3 to 7.
- Snapthe cap back into the initial position, thus replacing the mouthpiece cover.
Before beginning the procedure, you should begin breathing as evenly and gradually as possible. At your very first attempt,use a mirror to correct your actions and control if the inhalation procedure goes as directed. If "mist" appears on the top of the inhaler or comes from the corners of your mouth, you shouldre-do the procedure starting from step 2. If any difficulties arise in the inhalation process, do not hesitate to consult your physician.
Observe caution to not spray Ventolin in the eyes. Wash the medicine out of your eyes carefully with a large amount of water if this happens and call your healthcare provider.